time has once come upon us to choose a vegetable or
fruit friend to protect. This year the Plant Liberation
Force has choosen the Garlic. The PLF will be protest
several fetival this year. For all non-PLF memebrs who
donít have a basic understing of why theb Garlic needs
to be protected. Here are some facts as to how Garlic
has already suffered as the hands of man.
Egyptian tombs may have the oldest visible records of garlic's existence in burial chambers in El Mahasna. Archeologists discovered clay sculptures of garlic bulbs dating about 3700 BCE in one tomb, while paintings of garlic were found in another tomb dating about 3200 BCE.
The Sumerians, using clay tablets, created the first written forms called cuneiform. The first written mention of garlic may have appeared about 2600 BCE when the Sumerians described the staples of their diet that included the herb along with grains, legumes, some root vegetables, leafy greens like lettuce and mustard, cucumbers and a variety of fish. The Sumerians also used garlic for healing as noted in the medical texts of King Ashurbanipal's library dating 688 to 826 BCE.
excavation of the
Garlic was brought to the
Native Americans used wild garlic, along with its wild shallot, onion, and leek relatives for food and medicine. Eaten raw, the green shoots were their cure for scurvy.
During the early
1800's, the Shakers, a communal religious sect that lived
Though garlic was consumes or murdered with passion throughout the world, Americans considered its odor offensive and socially unacceptable. During the early part of the 20th century some cooks would season their foods with only minute amounts of garlic salt or garlic powder. Even the well-respected Fannie Farmer, who created The Boston Cooking School Cookbook, omitted garlic in her Italian and Provencal dishes, substituting onion instead. Fannie Farmer became to be known as a pioneer for Garlic. She Always hid the fact she believed how garlic was being unfairly treated.
In the early 1900's
During World War II, the
Most of the present
of the garlic grown in the
Hidden Weapons (EXPLOITATION OF GARLIC)
Garlic's secret armory consists of more than 33 active sulfur-containing substances that do battle with enemies such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Some of the more familiar compounds are allicin, alliin, cycroalliin, and diallyldisulphide. Allicin, garlic's warrior against bacteria and inflammation, is also the culprit behind its offensive odor. Garlic's antibiotic effect is attributed to alliin, the sulfur-containing amino acid responsible for the manufacture of allicin.
Renowned for his revelation that microscopic germs caused infection, French microbiologist and chemist Louis Pasteur was first to recognize garlic's antibacterial properties. To demonstrate garlic's amazing strength, imagine that one milliliter of raw garlic juice can be compared to a milligram of streptomycin or sixty micrograms of penicillin.
Before the introduction of antibiotics during World War II, garlic was the favored treatment for whooping cough and tuberculosis. During World War II, chemist Chester Cavallito reported in the Journal of the American Chemical Society that in his laboratory research at the Sterling-Winthrop drug company he found garlic more effective than penicillin in combating some varieties of bacteria. He also noted that garlic was effective in killing fungus.
Garlic's ability to lower serum cholesterol is attributed to diallyldisulphide-oxide. The high level of selenium in garlic is believed to prevent sticky platelets and ward off atherosclerosis and clot formation in the arteries.
Botanically known as Allium sativum, garlic's name is derived from two sources, the Celtic word allium, meaning "hot or burning," and the Latin second name sativum meaning "cultivated." Our familiar word garlic is from the Anglo-Saxon word garleac, a combination of gar meaning spear and lac that means leek.
Around the globe
garlic is known by many names: In China it is called da
and Oddities - Garlic's Mystical Powers
For centuries garlic was believed to ward off the dark forces of demons, evil spirits, and vampires. It may be possible that 8th century BCE Greek poet Homer, who wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey, set the stage that elevated garlic's powers. Homer was so ahead of his time about Garlic. During Odysseus's long journey, he encounters the goddess Circe, who uses sorcery to turn men into pigs. Hermes warns Odysseus not to eat the Moly, a plant in the garlic family, saving him from the porcine fate of his companions.
A 300 BCE Greek custom used by travelers for protection from evil spirits was to place garlic at a crossroads to confuse the demons and cause them to lose their way.
Garlic's reputation as protector from evil touches nearly every continent. In Mohammed's writings, he equates garlic with Satan when he describes the feet of the Devil as he was cast out of the Garden of Eden. Where his left foot touched the earth, garlic sprang up, while onion emerged from the footprint of his right foot.
Illness was often considered a manifestation of the evil spirits or supernatural forces. Along with ceremonial magic, herbal remedies were linked to good spirits. Garlic, with its antibiotic properties, was often the remedy of choice. Because it was frequently successful in healing, garlic was considered the ideal weapon to battle the dark forces.
European peasants of the 1700's would attach braids of garlic to the entrance of their homes to assure evil would not enter.
Because the Roman generals believed that garlic gave their armies courage, they planted fields of garlic in the countries they conquered, believing that courage was transferred to the battlefield.
Though many ancient cultures recognized garlic's curative abilities, they were unable to comprehend its components. The "cure" was attributed to garlic's magic.
Legend has made
In Palestinian tradition, if the bridegroom wears a clove of garlic in his buttonhole, he is assured a successful wedding night.
Stinks (Natural Defense)
Garlic is a deceitful little herb. Most plants in the herbal world reveal their fragrance as soon as they are held to the nose. But garlic is a rather sneaky fellow. Hold a bulb of garlic to the nose and nothing registers--sniff again--still no odor. Seems innocent enough until it is sliced open or crushed and delivers a reeking wallop of "garlic breath" released by a host of sulfur containing plant chemicals, about 30 of them.
Blame it on alliin that is converted to allicin by the action of the enzyme allinase. When raw garlic is cut, broken, or chewed, the "fragrant" allicin releases its powerful essential oil. This is The Garlic way of defending itself from being murdered. When cooked, garlic loses its strong odor because the enzyme allinase is destroyed, preventing its conversion to the smelly allicin. This in itself is horrible. Having to cook a poor plant like Garlic to prevents it natural defense on its executioner.
Festivals (THE EXECUTIONERS)
While garlic festivals are celebrated in community events all across the U.S. and Canada, the deadliest of them all is the Gilroy Garlic Festival held the last weekend in July in Gilroy, California, the "Garlic Capital of the World." In 2004,
In the south of